The director is very upset recently, why?
Because I was laughed at by my friends all day, saying that the director was an old antique, and driving the 2019 Rolls-Royce Phantom all day to collect rent.
Obviously it is the latest Phantom Duck, so why is it an antique?
One day the director was on the way to collect rent. This friend suddenly called the director and asked the director to sit on his newly bought Model S, and showed the director the new technologies such as automatic parking and assisted lane change for his new car, and told him The Secretary-General's car-machine system is the main hero behind this series of new functions.
Okay, today we will talk about the car-machine system.
The car-machine system is the general term for various information systems and entertainment systems in the car. It is an important carrier for human-car interaction. It has been able to cooperate with the on-board electronic control unit (ECU) to become the "nerve center" of the car.
The development of car-machine systems has a very long history. From the early tapes, DVDs, to the later GPS navigation, to the current intelligent system, it has witnessed the efforts made by the traditional industry of automobiles to catch up with the trend of the times.
The current car-machine system has turned the car into an enlarged version of the mobile phone, allowing the driver and passengers to do anything in the car, enhancing the pleasure of driving and making the car a meticulous "housekeeper."
More importantly, the current development trend of car-machine systems is open source. This feature provides developers with a lot of convenience, thereby promoting the development of car-machine systems.
Linux, as a free and open source operating system, shines just like in the field of smartphones, and has become the underlying operating system of many mainstream cars. Of course, Apple’s Carplay and Microsoft’s WinCE are also indispensable. The battlefield of the three major systems has changed from The IT field extends to the automotive industry.
Okay, after talking about some background, let's talk about the current popular car-machine systems. First of all, representatives from new car-building forces, Tesla, NIO and Xiaopeng.
Tesla Vehicle System (hereinafter referred to as Tesla OS) is a mature human-vehicle interaction system developed based on Linux. After 7 years of update and iteration, it has now been upgraded to the V10 version.
Tesla OS has a variety of functions, the first is the entertainment system. Tesla unites with companies such as YouTube and Netflix to provide car owners with video, music and other entertainment services. Tesla has integrated Netflix, YouTube (Tencent Video and iQiyi in China) and Tesla Tutorials into the Tesla Theater (TESLA THEATER).
The V10 car machine system can also use the karaoke function (currently not open in the Chinese version), allowing users to sing karaoke in the car while allowing users to choose whether to play the human voice track.
There are also some interesting and thoughtful small functions, such as Feeling Lucky or Hungry? It can provide nearby restaurants or attractions for drivers and passengers.
There is also Joe Mode. This feature was born because a car owner named Joe complained to Tesla that the prompt was too loud and woke up his child. After Tesla accepted his opinions, the feature was added to Tesla OS. In this mode, the prompt sound in the car will be appropriately reduced, so as not to disturb the baby's sleep.
In the future, Tesla will bring new experiences to car owners through continuous OTA.
In the ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System) system, Tesla is also at the leading level in the industry, thanks to the powerful hardware system. Now Tesla has used its own FSD chip (fully autonomous driving chip) in Autopilot 3.0, replacing the previous Nvidia and Intel Mobileye chips. The new chip outputs 144TOPS of computing power with a power consumption of 100 watts. The DRIVEPX2 is about 10TOPS.
With the support of the new chip, Tesla CEO Musk believes that fully autonomous driving will be realized in the near future.
After talking about the tall Tesla, let's talk about the more grounded Xiaopeng Xmart OS. Although Xiaopeng does not develop chips on its own like Tesla, which is rich and powerful, it is not weaker than other opponents. On the chip, Xiaopeng P7 uses a brand-new Qualcomm 820A chip and a brand-new Nvidia Xavier SoC chip, which is similar in computing power to Tesla.
On the basis of the brand-new chip, with the brand-new Xmart OS 2.0.4 and XPILOT 3.0, the ADAS function has not lost to Tesla at all.
With 13 cameras, 5 millimeter wave radars and 12 ultrasonic radars, Xiaopeng P7 can scan the surrounding environment 360 degrees without blind spots.
Its XPILOT 3.0 autonomous driving assistance system has achieved breakthroughs in both "localization" and "automation". It can be applied to both urban roads and highways in response to Chinese road conditions, and has the advantage of high automation. It can also continue to use vehicle OTA in the future. Evolve to unlock more functions.
Of course, the entertainment information system in the car will not fall.
With the support of powerful hardware, Xiaopeng Motors has evolved the ability to integrate perception and interaction, interconnection of everything, and continuous evolution. In normal use, we can do anything through the AI system in the car, such as using the voice system to complete trivial tasks such as asking directions, positioning, and page switching. AI can also measure heart rate through non-contact optics, combined with stress, fatigue, driving concentration, daily healthy light, and weather forecast to form a daily health care report.
With the support of the 820A chip, Xmart OS 2.0 ushered in the support of Alipay applets on the basis of the application store, and currently supports more than 100 applications and services.
At the same time, vehicle hardware capabilities can be opened to third-party applications in the safe gear, and vehicle application services and in-car hardware capabilities are combined. For example, Xiaopeng introduced a game that uses a steering wheel to play "Asphalt" in the car.
After talking about Xiaopeng, let's talk about the "big brother" NIO, a new domestic car company.
Unlike Tesla, the underlying operating system of NIO NIO OS is QNX, but the operating interface is the same as the Android interface of other manufacturers.
In terms of chip selection, NIO has gone through the road of independent research and development, but later due to its own strength, it chose to cooperate with the giant Mobileye and use the EyeQ series of chips. The two parties also agreed to cooperate in the future to produce L4 level autonomous driving systems. .
However, the development of NIO's ADAS is a bit lagging compared to the other two manufacturers.
It wasn't until June 2019 that NIO Pilot was officially updated to a system with complete L2 level automatic assisted driving capabilities.
After the OTA update, 7 functions were released, including high-speed automatic assisted driving (Highway Pilot), traffic jam pilot (Traffic Jam Pilot), turn signal control lane change (ALC), road sign recognition (TSR), lane keeping function (LKA) ), front-side vehicle warning (CTA-F), automatic parking assist system (APA).
At the same time, it is expected to usher in an update again in NIO Pilot 2020. Optional users can upgrade to the latest system through FOTA. Among them, there are two core functions, namely, visual fusion, automatic parking and automatic assisted navigation driving.
Like Xmart OS, NIO OS can also detect the physiological state of the driver in a non-contact manner, mainly including fatigue driving monitoring, smoking monitoring, call monitoring, distracted driving monitoring, and abnormal state monitoring.
NIO OS has the same voice recognition system as other car and machine systems, called Nomi Ai, through which people in the car can control different modules and applications, but in actual use, some car owners report that the system is not smooth enough , Especially in a dialogue environment, and the so-called gesture recognition is also slightly tasteless in actual use.
After talking about electric vehicles, let's talk about the car-machine system of traditional fuel vehicles. Here I choose a representative BMW iDrive 7.
The iDrive system was officially released in 2001, but the truly digital generation was iDrive 4 in 2014, which was first equipped on BMW's i3 and i8 until the new generation 7 series was launched, and it evolved to iDrive 5 again. iDrive 6 adds Carplay to iDrive 5.
With the release of the new BMW G05 X5, the iDrive 7 system has officially appeared. The new iDrive 7 system keeps up with the trend of the times. The UI menu interface has been rearranged, and the original 2D graphics and 3D animations are combined to bring users more efficient Operation, along with BMW Personal Intelligent Assistant.
Similarly, it is equipped with a biometric camera. When the user turns on the driving assistance function, the biometric camera will monitor the driver's attention state. More functions can be extended in the future, such as identifying users to automatically log in to their accounts, monitoring drivers' physical information, and so on.
In terms of ADAS, BMW is equipped with automatic parking traffic jam assist system, steering and lane control assistance, active protection system, lane departure warning system, lane change warning system and driving assistance system like major new car manufacturers.
Different from the new car-making forces, BMW still maintains its own design style, instead of adopting the usual large screen. It is a matter of opinion which is more convenient to use. Some people like physical buttons, and some people use large screens.
At this stage, we can see that intelligence and informatization are no longer the patents of pure electric vehicles. Many traditional fuel vehicles are already comparable to most electric vehicles by virtue of their own enterprise strength. For example, in automatic parking, auxiliary Many fuel vehicles have technologies such as lane change, lane keeping, and ACC cruise. In this brain power duel, no one is the absolute winner, and no one is the loser. Instead, everyone competes with each other and promotes a good situation. The Secretary believes that this situation will coexist for a long time and promote the auto industry to stick to it. Follow the trend of technological development.